Ishrat Jahan (1985-2004) was a 19-year old girl from Mumbai killed in a fake encounter on 15 June 2004. The staged encounter, allegedly by a team of police led by senior police officer D. G. Vanzara was called cold-blooded murder by the CBI, investigating the case.

Two former Gujarat police officers stated that Vanzara claimed he had clearance from Modi for the operation. In the run-up to the encounter there is evidence of frequent contact between top BJP officials and officers implicated in the killing. After the killing, Narendra Modi praised the police involved in her killing and branded her a terrorist. No credible evidence of her involvement with terrorism has ever been produced. However, an allegation made by convicted terrorist David Headley is frequently cited as "evidence" that Ishrat Jahan was a terrorist.

No one has so far (November 2019) been found guilty of Ishrat's murder. There is recorded evidence that the probe into her murder was sabotaged by high ranking politicians and bureaucrats, including G. C. Murmu, appointed by the Modi government as the first lieutenant governor of Jammu and Kashmir.

References: Articles on Ishrat Jahan on Kafila and Communalism Watch.