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Zakia Jafri is the widow of Ehsan Jafri, a Congress Party MP brutally murdered in his home during the Gulbarg society massacre in 2002. She has led a lengthy legal campaign to see justice done for her husband and other survivors of the Gujarat violence of 2002. The goals of this campaign have been to see Narendra Modi and other senior politicians held accountable for the violence which occurred under their watch in Gujarat, 2002.

However, a Gujarat Magistrate's court rejected the Zakia Jafri Protest Petition in December 2013, with the judge claiming that "ethnic cleansing" and "genocide" are foreign terms which cannot be considered by the court. Zakia Jafri is currently (April 2014) challenging this decision in the Gujarat High Court. It is commonly claimed that the Supreme Court has given a "clean chit" to Narendra Modi; however, to date, the evidence of his "command responsibility" for the violence has not been tested in court.

References

Zakia Jafri protest petition (322 page pdf).
An outline of the legal process.
Review of The Fiction of Fact-Finding, by Manoj Mitta